Do not forget that Africa was also colonized from within. The Matabele over the Shona, the Zulu’s over the other Nguni clans, the Xhosa’s over the Khoi/San, etc etc. As for European Colonization. Disadvantages – False national boarders, Increase in Slave Trade, Loss of culture/ heritage, Loss of wildlife, Christianity, Loss of Sovereignty, Democratic process, Exploitation of mineral wealth, Massive social/ technological shift from stone age to industrial age in very short period. Advantages – Infrastructure & transport, Health, Modern farming methods and food security, Use of mineral wealth, Education, Language (Most African tribes did not have a written Language), Stop to Slavery, Recording of culture/ heritage, Conservationism, Democracy, Christianity, Currency & Trade opportunities, Safety & Security from animals & other tribes, Law & justice based on evidence & facts (as opposed to tribal chief justice), Equality (eventually). Some issues can be considered as both an advantage and disadvantage, while other issues such as weapons and morality are very disputable. Would Africa have developed or become Westernised without colonialism, probably, Japan although never colonized was forced to, but was able to keep its natural identity. Most of the advantages are still relevant today, even if many African countries today are regressing. The disadvantage which is still relevant today are the false national boarders curved up by the colonial powers and still retained today (not one African country since independence have changed there boarders). Colonialism is a necessity for most cultures to advantage and few cultures have not experienced some form of colonialism at some time. European colonialism was not without its fault, but on balance Africa has benefited greatly.
42 mths ago