Sardines (/s??'dinz/), or pilchards, are a group of several types of small, oily fish related to herrings, family Clupeidae. Sardines were named after the Mediterranean island of Sardinia, where they were once in abundance.
The terms are not precise, and the usual meanings vary by region; for instance, to many people a sardine is a young European pilchard. A generalisation is that if the fish is under 4? long (10 cm) it is classed as a sardine, and if larger than 4? it is classed as a pilchard. The FAO/WHO Codex standard for canned sardines cites 21 species that may be classed as sardines; FishBase, a comprehensive database of information about fish, lists at least six species called just “pilchard,” over a dozen called just “sardine,” and many more with the two basic names qualified by various adjectives.
As a food, sardines are very rich in minerals. They can be consumed in a variety of ways (e.g., grilled, pickled, smoked) though canned sardines are very popular worldwide.
46 mths ago